Concentration of mind is a must
Satsang of Shri Bal Bhagwan Ji,
Swiss Alps Festival, Saanenmoser, 23 August 1972
There was a beautiful kingdom called Kabalwasu, where Lord Buddha was born. His name was Siddhartha. He was kept locked in a palace and He had a very tight security around him. One day, He said to His father, "Father, can I go out and visit my kingdom?" His father allowed Him, and He went with one of His courtiers to visit His kingdom. When He came out of the palace the first thing He saw was an old man, and so He asked His courtier, "What is this? Why is this man old?" His courtier said, "Every man on this earth will get old." Siddhartha went further on and saw a man who was sick. He said, "What is this?" The courtier again told him, "Suffering, sickness, vice and virtue are always with us. A man lives between two polarities, between happiness and suffering and between virtue and vice." As Buddha proceeded further on He saw a dead man. The corpse was being carried out and He asked His courtier, "What is this?" The courtier told Him, "He is a dead man, now they are going to bury him." Buddha said, "Why does a man die?" The courtier replied, "That's very natural for a man, because every man who has a beginning has an end, so any man, who is living, will die."
When Buddha returned to His palace, He was thinking, "Oh my beautiful body will die!
Oh, this body will get sick! Oh, this body will get old!" And all the time He was thinking, "How can I save myself from suffering, from the pangs of death?" Like Siddhartha, every man puts the same questions before himself. What answer have we? The same question troubled Buddha and it is said that He went to many schools of thought, to many academies and to many, many learned persons, but nobody could satisfy Him. And so He was thinking, "What is the Truth in me? What is the essence in me? What is real in me? Till now I have been to people who are all going to have the same end as I am going to have, but I must hold on to Truth, I must find Truth because Truth never dies, Truth is everlasting, Truth is immortal." So He said, "If I hold on to Truth I shall never die. If I hold on to something which is untrue, which is not Truth, I will die because untruth is unstable." So He had to seek, He had to realise, He had to know what is Truth in this world.
Have you studied the theory of relativity? Now I'll give you one example. For instance, you are sitting in a car, the car is moving and you are watching from it, and you see that the tree, the road, the houses are actually moving. This is your experience, you feel this, you come to know this and, for a moment, you feel that
actually your car is standing in the centre and the trees, the countryside, the land you see are moving. But this is not true. Relative to this motion, relative to this reality which we have in us called soul, we have an opposite motion and we think that this, the material aspect, this materialism that we see is real, but actually it is unreal and relative to the soul. The soul is the essence, it is the reality, and not the material maya. So actually, the vision we see, that the trees move, actually that is totally untrue. What is moving is our car and us in the car. Similarly the criteria for all things that work in this world is energy, is soul, is spirit; it is behind all motion. Newton believed this, and Einstein believed this. All scientists believe that nothing can move without the power to move, even your car needs the engine, and that engine moves the car. Similarly an engine is inside you, that is moving you, that is making you talk, that is making you listen, and that engine is called energy or spirit or soul. Now, this energy or soul or atman or psychic energy is common in all, is common to all.
Now Buddha was in search of this energy, He was in search of psychic peace, He was in search of everlasting life, because He knew that this body would perish. So He was seeking, He was in search of something that would not perish, which would be immortal. He stayed in penance; He did many postures, He kept many fasts for many days, He was very thin; He was very weak. One day He was sitting in a posture and suddenly a thought came to Him and the
thought was that He was very weak, but then He thought, "My mind is not weak. My lust, my desire, my avariciousness, they are still strong. My mind is still strong. It is wandering here and there, so this is not the real thing." So He left all the paths that He had been following, yet He was still unhappy.
One day He heard a group of women singing, "Do not tighten the strings of your vina." Vina is just like a guitar in India, like a sitar. So they were singing, "Do not tighten the string of the vina so tight that it breaks, and do not loosen it so much that no sound comes out, so tighten it in the middle way." So from this Buddha got His idea of the middle path. After a while, He met a girl named Sujata, and Sujata gave Him some puris to eat and told Him that concentration of mind is a must for meditation. For instance, if a man walks on a rope, he must balance himself. Similarly, to walk towards God a man must balance himself and that is why we need concentration of mind. Even Aristotle (who was a great Greek philosopher) said that if you want to conquer the whole world, you must conquer your own mind.
Every meditation must have an object of meditation. For instance, if my object is God and my concentration of mind to God is my devotion and I am a devotee, then God becomes the object of my devotion. Similarly, if this object of meditation, that is God or soul, and the concentration of a man becomes one, then the man who meditates becomes one with it also. So Buddha got this Knowledge of that object of concentration, that object of devotion, that object of love that is God, from Sujata. Then He meditated and after meditation He was enlightened. This all happened under a Bo tree, a Bo tree is a banyan tree, and then He was called Buddha. Buddha means enlightened, He who has achieved nirvana. If you go to Gaya in India, there is a big sunga. Sunga means monastery. And if you go there you will see four statues of Buddha in the four corners of that monastery, and these four statues represent the four noble truths or the four noble practices that Buddha performed. Guru Maharaj Ji has given us these four noble techniques -- the same practices that Buddha did. One is tanmudra, where Buddha sits in the padmasen posture, then there is athamudra, bhumipushmudra and paramchakramudra. These are the four postures that Buddha did.
Now, behind every mudra, behind every posture, there is a secret, and the secret is the holy technique that Guru Maharaj Ji has given us. Even if you read the Vedas, Vedas come from the root 'ved' -- ved means knowledge. Now the Vedas are four in number. This means that in ancient India there were four techniques, four practices, four noble truths. And now the practical Knowledge of the techniques is given to us, and is being given to people who sincerely seek by Shri Guru Maharaj Ji.
Now the four techniques, they can be understood like this. For instance, if I take a square box. On one side of the box I see the box; I go to the other side and I see the box; then I go the next side but I am seeing the box still, and I still see it on the third side and on the fourth side. These techniques are like the sides of the prana, like the sides of the supreme energy, and when you practise one meditation, one technique, you are looking at the same point; when you practise the other technique, you are looking at the same point; with the third and the fourth technique you are looking at the same point. It is just from different angles. If you come to mathematics you can see the product of all the techniques. There are four techniques, four Vedas, then we come to four directions: north, south, east, west. If we come to science then there are four types of matter: plasma, ionic state of matter, solid and liquid and gas. There are four. Then if you come to the lokas there arc four, and if you go to beyond this earth there are four patals. If you come to the product heaven, there are four heavens. One is Saloka, union with God, Sayu with God, Saki absorbtion with God, Nirvana liberation in God.
Now dear premies, to go to that source, to that essence. What we must do is we must surrender ourselves. For instance, if a log of wood falls into a river, that log without any effort is carried away by the river to the sea, to the source. Similarly, devotees who surrender themselves and actually let themselves float and make themselves a part of the whole thing, they flow in the living stream of love, light and Knowledge, the living stream which is Guru Maharaj Ji. They are carried away from a remote point to the source. This is why in the Bhagavad Gita, the song divine, Lord Krishna says, "Oh Arjuna, devotees who achieve me, achieve my state, achieve my source, they never come again into the cycle of birth and death, the cycle of transmigration of soul, they become immortal."
Merging into the soul, merging into the source of salvation or liberation, can be explained and I will give you an example to explain what salvation is. Salvation is actually a ladder that
takes us from manhood to Godhood. For instance we take a sugar cube. Now a sugar cube has got length, breadth and height, and if you take that sugar cube and put it in water, where does the length go, where does the breadth go, and where does the height go? Everything merges into the whole phenomenon. Similarly, this spirit, this soul when it merges into God, loses its length, its breadth and its height, this means the three dimensions. So there's this atman which is common to all people, common in all the people. It is called omnipresent, everywhere, but still we cannot know it, we cannot see it. It is just like the sound of a radio, the radio waves must be transmitted through a transmitter. They are everywhere, but can we hear them? No, we can't hear all the radio waves that are coming here The reason for this is that we don't have a proper. receiver. Similarly, we are not attuned, we are not in unison with that energy inside us, because we don't have a proper channel, we don't have a proper receiver to receive it. And so a devotee must go to a Guru and receive the technique, the proper technique, or proper insight so that he can channelise with his spirit.
So here is the very great news for us and thank you very much. Tomorrow morning I'll be here. Thank you.