A New Dictionary of Religions
Editor John R. Hinnells

150 Elamites

Élan Vital [xxviii] The Divine Light Mission (DLM) was founded in India in the 1930s by Shri Hans Ji Maharaj (1957 - ), then achieved rapid growth in the West after his 13-year-old son, Guru Mahara (sic) Ji, visited London. Thousands of 'premies' pursued self-realization by practising the 'Knowledge', four simple meditation techniques for experiencing Divine Light, Divine Nectar, Divine Harmony and the 'primordial vibration' which is the Holy Name or Word. Following Mahara (sic) Ji's marriage and his wresting control in the West from his mother, the DLM was disbanded and the more low-profile Élan Vital created. Members still meet together and travel to frequent festivals attended by Maharaj (sic) (as he is now called). [5: 176-8; 20; 22: vii; 25: 65-70; 26: m5- 41: rv/E; 42: 956-7]

654 Bibliography

[XXVIII] New Religious Movements in the West
Compiled by Eileen Barker

1 ADLER, M., Drawing Down the Moon; Witches, Druids, Goddess-Worshippers, and Other Pagans in America Today, 2nd edn, Boston, Beacon Press, 1979; rev. edn 1986
2 ARMIN, R., The Poem of the Church of Emin Coils, London, Regal Print Company, 1978
AVERY, K. Q. see no. 33 below
3 BARKER, E., The Making of a Moonier Brainwashing or Choice?, Oxford, Blackwell, repr. Aldershot, Gregg Revivals, 1993, 1984
4 BARKER, E. (ed.), New Religious Movements: A Perspective for Understanding Society, New York, Edwin Mellen Press, 1982
5 BARKER, E., New Religious Movements: A Practical Introduction, London, HMSO, 1989
6 BECKFORD, J., Cult Controversies: The Societal Response to the New Religious Movements, London, Tavistock, 1985
7 BEIT-HALLAHMI, B., Despair and Deliverance, Albany, NY, State University of New York, 1992
8 BRADY, K., and CONSIDINE, M., The London Guide to Mind Body & Spirit, London, Brainwave, 1988
9 BROCKWAY, A. R., and RAJASHEKAR, J. P. (eds), New Religious Movements and the Churches: Report and Papers of a Consultation Sponsored by the Lutheran World Federation and the World Council Churches, Geneva, WCC Publications, 1987
10 BROMLEY, D. G., and SHUPE, A., 'Moonies'in America: Cult, Church and Crusade, Beverly Hills, Cal., Sage, 1979
11 BROMLEY, D. G., and HAMMOND, P. E. (eds), The Future of New Religious Movements, Macon, Ga, Mercer University Press, 1987
12 BROMLEY, D. G., and RICHARDSON, J. T. (eds), The Brainwashing/ Deprogramming Controversy: Sociological, Psychological, Legal and Historical Perspectives, New York, Edwin Mellen Press, 1983, vol. 5, p. 367
13 BROMLEY, D. G., and SHUPE, A. D., Strange Gods: The GreatAmerican Cult Scare, Boston, Mass., Beacon Press, 1981
14 BURNETT, D., Dawning of the Pagan Moon: An Investigation into the Rise of Western Paganism, Eastbourne, Marc, 1991
15 BUTTON, j., and BLOOM, W. (eds), The Seeker's Guide: A New Age Resource Book, London, Aquarian, 1992
16 CHINMOY, SRI, A Sri Chinmoy Primer, Forest Hills, NY, Vishma Press, 1974
17 CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY, What is Scientology?, Copenhagen, New Era, 1992
18 CONSIDINE, M. (ed.), The Whole Person Catalogue: The Ultimate Source Book for the New Age Seeker, London, Brainwave, 1992

Bibliography 655

19 COOPER, S., and FARRANT, M., Fire in our Heart: The Story of the Jesus Fellowship, Eastbourne. av Publications, 1991
20 DOWNTON, J. V., Sacred Journeys: They Conversion of Young Americans to Divine Light New York, Columbia University Press, 1979
21 ENROTH, R., Ezangelzing the Cults, 2nd rev. edn, Milton Keynes, Word Publishing, 1991
22 ENROTH, R., Youth, Brainwashing, and the Extremist Cults, Grand Rapids, Mich., Zondervan, 1977
23 FITZGERALD, F., Cities on a Hill: A Journey through Contemporary American Cultures, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1981
24 FOREM, j., Transcendental Meditation, New York, Dutton, 1974
25 GALANTER, M., Cults: Faith, Healing, and Coercion, New York/Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1989
26 GLOCK, G. Y., and BELLAH, R. N. (eds), The New Religious Consciousness, Berkeley, Cal., University of California Press, 1976
27 HALL, J. H., Gone from the Promised Land: Jonestown in American Cultural History, New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction, 1987
28 HARVEY, D. (ed.), Thorsons Complete Guide to Alternative Living, Wellingborough/New York, Thorsons, 1986
29 HASSAN, s., Combatting Cult Mind Control: Protection, Rescue and Recovery from Destructive Cults, Wellingborough, Aquarian Press, 1988
30 HUBBARD, L. R., Dianetics:The Modern Science of Mental Health, Copenhagen, New Era, 1950
31 KALBERMATTEN, G. DE., The Advent, Bombay, The Life Eternal Trust Publishers, 1979
32 KELLY, R., and DITZEL, P. The Millennium and Beyond, Pasadena, Cal., Worldwide Church of God, 1990
33 KING, G., and AVERY, K. Q., The Age of Aetherius, Los Angeles, Aetherius Society, 1975; rev. edn, 1982
34 LANE, D. c., The Making of a Spiritual Movement: The Untold Story of Paul Twitchell and Eckankar, Del Mar, Cal., Del Mar Press, 1983
35 LEVINE, s., Radical Departures: Desperate Detours to Growing Up, San Diego/London, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984
36 LEWIS, J. R., and MELTON, J. G. (eds), Perspectives on the New Age, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 1992
37 LIND, I., The White Eagle Inheritance: The Spiritual Teachings of White Eagle and their Applications in Daily Life, Wellingborough, Turnstone Press, 1984
38 LUHRMANN, T. M., Persuasions of the Witch's Craft: Ritual Magic in Contemporary England, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1989
39 MEHER BABA, Discourses, 3 vols, Walnut Creek, Cal., Sufism Reoriented, 1967; Sheria Press, 1988
40 MELTON, J. G., Magic, Witchcraft and Paganism in America, 2nd edn, New York, Garland, 1991
41 MELTON, J. G., Encyclopedic Handbook of Cults in America,New York/ London, Garland, 1992
42 MELTON, J. G., The Encyclopedia of American Religions, 4th edn, Detroit, Gale, 1993
43 MELTON, J. G., CLARK, J., and KELLY, A. A., New Age Almanac, Detroit, Visible Ink Press, 1991
44 MELTON, J. G., and MOORE, R. L., The Cult Experience: Responding to the New Religious Pluralism, New York, Pilgrim Press, 1982
45 MITCHELL, D., MITCHELL, c., and OFSHE, R., The Light on Synanon, New York, Seaview Books, 1980

Copyright (c) Penguin Books Ltd 1984, 1995

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A New dictionary of religions/edited by John R. Hinnells.
P. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
ISBN 0-631-18139-3 (alk. paper) 1. Religions - Dictionaries. I. Hinnells, John R.
BL31.P48 1995
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